Bagian 2Wacana 2 untuk soal nomor 2 sampai nomor 5.
A natural disaster is a terrible accident, e.g. a
great flood, a big fire or an earthquake. It usually
causes great suffering and loss of a large sum of
money. The causalities are injured or died. Some
people are homeless and need medical care.
Floods occur when the water of rivers, lakes, or
streams overflow their banks and pour out into the
surrounding land. Floods are caused by many different
thins. Often heave rainstorms that last for a brief time
can cause a flood. But not all heave storms are
followed by flooding. If the surrounding lands is flat
and can absorb the water, no flooding will occur. If.
however, the lands is hard and rocky heavy rain cannot
be absorbed. Where the banks are low, a river may
overflow and flood adjacent lowland.
in many parts of the world floods are caused by
tropical storms called hurricanes of typhoons. The
bring destructive winds of high speed torrents of rain,
and flooding. When a flood occurs, the destruction to
the surrounding land can be severe. Whole villages and
towns are sometimes-swept away bay water pouring
swiftly over the land. Railroad tracks buckles and are
uprooted from their beds. Highways are washed away.
When a building caught fire, the firemen pitched
in to help battle the blaze. Before the pumps were
invented, people formed bucket brigades to fight fires.
Standing side by side, they formed a human chain from
the fire to nearby well or river. They passed buckets of
water from hand to hand to be poured on the flames.
The damage of fire did depend a great deal on
were it happened. In at the country or a small village,
only a single house might burn down. But in crowded
cities, fire often destroyed whole blocks and
neighbourhoods before being controlled.